Mustard Plant

Common Name: wild mustard Brassica nigra Seed

Botanical Nameblack mustard , Brassica alba, Brassica juncae

Indian Names: Sarson (Hindi), Kadugu ilai (Tamil, Malayalam)

Vegetable type: Cruciferous

Varieties: Dijon mustard, Oriental mustard (Giant Red), Indian mustard, Garlic

Mustard may be a plant whose seeds are used universally altogether cuisines thanks to its varying tastes and designs . It grows into a powerful looking plant also . Their health benefits are numerous; no cholesterol, low fat, high protein, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, Vitamin B, and far more, so be happy to indulge.

It are often utilized in all its forms for cuisine, from the shoots, leaves, flowers, or seeds for a flavourful, healthy thanks to boost an easy salad. it’s also very easy to grow, so you’ll reap the advantages yourself, and have the satisfaction of growing your own food. Let’s take a glance at the features of the mustard plant.

NOTE: you’ll buy heirloom seeds for mustard at our online garden store – we deliver anywhere in India.

Plant Features

Life-cycle: Annual

Height: 1.2-2m (4-6.6ft.)

Width: 16 cm (6.3in.)

Flowering season: Spring/Autumn

Flower: Yellow in colour, growing in clumps of 2-12 approx. 8 mm (0.3in.) in diameter

Foliage: Toothed and lobed leaves, with occasional larger terminal lobes

Plant Growing Details

Sunlight: Partial shade, filtered sunlight

Water: Requires regular water, and moist soil conditions for optimal growth



Depending on your living climate, the seeds should be sown in February to April for spring time crops, and from July to October for fall crops.


Plant the seeds 1/2 an in. deep (1.25cm), and 15 inches (36cm) apart. Once the plants are up, thin the seeds to about 9-10 inches (24-26cm) aside from one another .

Care: Needs constant moisture for optimal growth. confirm that the pH of the soil isn’t quite 6.0. Cool-weather is best for the mustard plant and a light-weight frost can actually increase the flavor of the seeds. However, the warmer and drier the climate gets, the plant can attend seed within a span of 30-60 days. Additional nitrogen helps the plants to take care of their green colour.

Pests: Bacterial plant disease , leaf spot, and clubroot are the most pests which affect the expansion of the mustard plant. Signs of plant disease are yellowing leaves, giving a rather scorched appearance. It are often avoided with an easy rotation of plants. Leaf spot is disease which is characterised by black or grey spots on the leaf. it’s a fungal disease which may be controlled with proper use of fertilizers and fungicides. Clubroot is another fungal disease which stunts the expansion of the plant and disfigures the basis it’s propagated thanks to unclean water and once set, it’s unfeasible to get rid of .

Harvest: First the outer leaves got to be cut out at the bottom, and therefore the smaller the leaves, the more tender the feel. The plants are usually able to be harvested around 1-1.5 months after sowing the seeds. To use the seeds, allow the plant to flower and attend seed before harvesting. The plant should be hung in a cool dry place because the foliage starts to yellow.

Propagation: Mustard is propagated from the seed, and wishes a soil temperature around 5-8 degrees Celsius to germinate.

Mustard is one among the world’s hottest plants within the kitchen. Its vibrant yellow flowers also provide a pleasant attraction during a home garden, and their minimal requirements make it a perfect and useful plant to feature to your repertoire. boost your next meal, together with your own mustard!

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